What nicotine containing products do exist?
How they differ from smoking cigarettes
What are smoke-free alternatives?
Smoke-free alternatives are a category of product for adults who would otherwise continue to smoke or use nicotine products. As the name implies, smoke-free alternatives do not generate smoke. This means that, unlike cigarettes, these should not burn tobacco. Smoke-free products are not risk-free and provide nicotine, which is addictive.
Smoke-free alternatives are considered a non-combustible alternative to cigarettes for adult smokers who would otherwise continue to smoke, as no smoke means potentially less harmful chemicals likely to be released. The reduction in formation of harmful chemicals with smoke-free alternatives should be substantiated on a product-by-product basis. Even so, the best decision any smoker can make is to quit tobacco and nicotine use altogether.
What is heated tobacco?
Cigarettes must burn in order to be smoked, and the tip of a cigarette can reach hundreds of degrees when lit. This causes harmful and potentially harmful chemicals to be released in the resulting smoke, which is inhaled by the smoker. There are more than 6,000 chemicals in cigarette smoke, parts of which are harmful or potentially harmful. About 100 of these are linked to smoking-related diseases.
One of the most recent innovations in smoke-free alternatives, heated tobacco products, allows for tobacco enjoyment without the need for burning. Heated tobacco products are designed to heat tobacco to precise temperatures, preventing combustion or burning, and instead releasing the flavor of heated tobacco, without fire, ash or smoke.
IQOS and lil SOLID are tobacco heating devices which heat tobacco to a precise temperature instead of burning it. The absence of combustion makes IQOS and lil SOLID better alternatives compared to continued smoking.
What is vaping, and what is an e cigarette?
E cigarettes - also called e cigs or vapes - are a type of smoke-free alternative that may be well-recognized among adult smokers and users. Vapes are handheld, battery-powered devices that come in various sizes, with many customization options. Some e cigarettes are disposable, while others can be reused. Some may look like cigarettes, others resemble cigars, or pens, and others are much larger, boxier designs.
In general, e cigarettes work by heating and vaporizing e liquids that contain flavor and nicotine. Heating to a specific temperature causes the e liquid to evaporate and generate an aerosol, which is inhaled by the adult user.
What is chewing tobacco?
Chewing tobacco, also referred to as oral tobacco or spit tobacco, is a smoke-free alternative that usually comes in the form of loose leaves, plugs or twists of coarsely chopped, dried tobacco which may also be flavored.
What is snuff?
Snuff, also referred to as dipping tobacco, is usually made of loose, dried, finely pulverized tobacco, and can come in different scents and flavors. Typically packed in tins or cans, dried snuff is inhaled through the nose, and moist snuff can be placed in the lower lip and gum to absorb nicotine. Like chewing tobacco, excess saliva is spat out.
What is snus?
Snus originated from a variant of dried snuff. Like snuff, snus is usually finely ground but comes enclosed in a small pouch. Snus is typically inserted between the upper lip and gum. It does not generate as much saliva as chewing tobacco or snuff, allowing the snus user to simply swallow any saliva.